True PAM4 Generation and Measurement Poster

The recent spread of smartphones and cloud computing applications is driving exponential growth in traffic at data centers. To transfer these large data volumes at high speed, Ethernet communications standards are progressing with deployment of 100GbE equipment, and 400GbE is already being targeted for next-generation standards.

Transmission technologies for implementing high-speed, large-volume transfers are centered on PAM (Pulse Amplitude Modulation) methods offering both faster symbol rates than earlier NRZ (Non-Return to-Zero) signal methods as well as increased transmission capacity without increased symbol rates.

The poster includes the following information:

  • Standards for High-Speed Interconnects using PAM4
  • PAM4 Signal Generation
  • PAM4 BER Measurement
  • PAM4 Test Pattern
  • PAM4 Applications










































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